New Zealand’s immigration landscape has been changing over the last year. New policies were implemented by the former National Government, and now the Labour-led Government (“Labour”) is set to implement its campaign policies in the coming months.
The Former National Government Changes
In April 2017, the National Government announced proposed changes to the Skilled Migrant Category (“SMC”) and the Essential Skill Work Visa (“ESWV”) for migrant visas. This was implemented on 28 August 2017.
With a record number of migrants migrating to New Zealand, the SMC’s criteria seeks to ensure that New Zealand (“NZ”) facilitates and recognizes migrants who provide greater economic benefit to NZ and migrants who have skills for which there is a demand.
The changes to the SMC criteria mean that it will be harder for migrants with little to no recognized skills to gain resident or temporary visas, in contrast to migrants with recognized qualification or skills under Australian and New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations (“ANZSCO”).
The SMC Changes
To be eligible under the SMC, applicants must submit an Expression of Interest (“EOI”) to Immigration NZ. Immigration NZ is now only considering EOIs that total 160 points or above rather than the 140-point threshold in 2016. Points may be awarded for qualifications (Bachelor’s, Master’s degrees and Doctorates) recognized under ANZSCO and employment offers.
Further changes are:
- An applicant must have at least a skill level that can be calculated to be levels 1- 3 under the ANZSCO. As a requirement of levels 1-3, migrants must be earning at or above a salary of $48,859 per year based on a 40-hour week.
- Migrants with skills above levels 1-3 must be paid at or above a salary of $73,299 per year based on a 40-hour week.
Migrants who meet the point requirements but do not have skilled employment can apply for a Silver Fern Job Search Visa (“SFV”). The SFV gives highly skilled young people nine months to secure employment for 12 months or longer. However, the number of visas are limited and are not open for application until 28 November 2018.
The ESWV is a temporary work visa category designed to allow employers to recruit overseas workers where no suitable local employees are available or trainable. However, employers are required to first look locally before venturing into the foreign employment market.
The ESWV Changes
Changes to the ESWV include:
- The introduction of a skill band being used to determine the visa length and whether a partner and/or dependent child can apply for a visa on the basis of the relationship. There are three bands, lower-skilled, mid-skilled and highly-skilled;
- The duration of visas for lower-skilled ESWV holders will be three years maximum (holders must be outside NZ for at least 12 months before they may re-apply for another ESWV); and
- Family members cannot be granted visas based on their relationship to an ESWV holder who is undertaking lower-skilled work. In this scenario, they will have to meet the requirements for a visa in their own right.
Labour’s implementation of campaign policies
The incoming Labour government has confirmed that they will be implementing policies that will “reduce net migration by 20,000-30,000”. These policies will include:
- No student visas will be granted for courses below a bachelor’s degree, or a qualification not independently assessed by the Tertiary Education Commission and NZQA as high quality;
- Limiting the Post Study Work Visa to students that have studied a degree at a Bachelor-level or higher; and
- Removing the SMC bonus points currently gained by studying or working in New Zealand and standardising the age points to 30 for everyone under 45.
Labour’s proposed changes appear to suggest a tightening of the criteria for the admission of migrants into NZ. The intention appears to be that Labour wants to reduce the number of migrants gaining entry to NZ and ensure that the migrants admitted have a skill level that is higher and that they are more capable of meeting national job demands.